A Contaminant Impurity, Not Rigosertib, Is a Tubulin Binding Agent

Molecular Cell, 2020

Abstract

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) has recently emerged as a central mediator in cancer resistance against numerous anticancer agents to include chemotherapeutic agents such as microtubule targeting agents and DNA damaging agents. Here, we describe AMXI-5001, a novel, highly potent dual PARP1/2 and microtubule polymerization inhibitor with favorable metabolic stability, oral bioavailability, and pharmacokinetic properties. The potency and selectivity of AMXI-5001 were determined by biochemical assays. Anticancer activity either as a single-agent or in combination with other antitumor agents was evaluated in vitro. In vivo antitumor activity as a single-agent was assessed in a triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) model. AMXI-5001 demonstrates comparable IC50 inhibition against PARP and microtubule polymerization as clinical PARP inhibitors (Olaparib, Rucaparib, Niraparib, and Talazoparib) and the potent polymerization inhibitor (Vinblastine), respectively. In vitro, AMXI-5001 exhibited selective antitumor cytotoxicity across a wide variety of human cancer cells with much lower IC50s than existing clinical PARP1/2 inhibitors. AMXI-5001 is highly active in both BRCA mutated and wild type cancers. AMXI-5001 is orally bioavailable. AMXI-5001 elicited a remarkable In vivo preclinical anti-tumor activity in a BRCA mutated TNBC model. Oral administration of AMXI-5001 induced complete regression of established tumors, including exceedingly large tumors. AMXI-5001 resulted in superior anti-tumor effects compared to either single agent (PARP or micro-tubule) inhibitor or combination with both agents. AMXI-5001 will enter clinical trial testing soon and represents a promising, novel first in class dual PARP1/2 and microtubule polymerization inhibitor that delivers continuous and
synchronous one-two punch cancer therapy with one molecule.

Tubulin CYS-T240 manufactured by our partner Cytoskeleton was appliedin this study.

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