Human induced pluripotent stem cells ameliorate hyperoxia-induced lung injury in a mouse model
American Journal of Translational Research, 2020
Hyperoxia-induced lung injury occurs in neonates on oxygen support due to premature birth, often leading to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Current treatment options have limited effect. The aim of this study was to determine if human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and those differentiated to an alveolar-like phenotype (diPSCs) could repair hyperoxia-induced lung damage in a mouse model. Neonatal C57BL6/J mice were separated into two groups and exposed to 75% oxygen over 6 or 14 days. Cell treatments were instilled intra-orally following removal. Controls included hyperoxia, normoxia, and a vehicle. 7 and 14 days post treatment, lungs were extracted and histomorphometric analysis performed. Gene expression of markers mediating inflammation (Tgfβ1, Nfkb1, and Il-6) were investigated. In addition, exosomes from each cell type were isolated and administered as a cell free alternative. There was a significant difference between the mean linear intercept (MLI) in hyperoxic vs. normoxic lungs prior to treatment. No difference existed between the MLI in iPSC-treated lungs vs. normoxic lungs after 6 and 14 days of hyperoxia. For mice exposed to 6 days of hyperoxia, gene expression in iPSC-treated lungs returned to normal 14 days later. At the same time points, diPSCs were not as effective. Exosomes were also not as effective in reversing hyperoxic lung damage as their cellular counterparts. This study highlights the potential benefit of using iPSCs to repair damaged lung tissue through possible modulation of the inflammatory response, leading to novel therapies for acute hyperoxia-induced lung injury and the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
The following conjugated antibodies manufactured by our partner Bioss are featured in this study: